It is a question of the contemporary world due to rapidly developing technological vehicles: What is a drone? The drones now are front papers of the news and scientific magazine with interesting practice models. The usage of drones in the field has various applications such as cargo, racing, aerial photography, policing and surveillance activities, and the most important one, military purposes.
So what is a drone in the simplest way? A drone is an unmanned flying machine with autonomous control, meaning no human in control. Drones are also called Unmanned Aerial Vehicle as known as UAV. That drones simple explanation even encounters several questions about how contemporary drones are flown without a human on the board. It seems an aircraft with a remote pilot can fly far distances without any control, but a human still controls it. If the human pilot left the control over a GPS controlled autopilot mode, is the aircraft a drone now or not?
In definition, this aircraft still falls behind the explanation of drone. Most aircraft like Boeing’s planes require a fully skilled pilot to control hundreds of peoples in the plane. The remote control doesn’t seem reliable with today’s technology. However, drones usage in military services is precious for countries. The reason for that is no one puts its life risk in a combat zone, whereas uncrewed and pilotless aircraft do all the hard work without any risk of losses in a battle zone. Furthermore, it removes the need for rest for a soldier because drones do not need resting but fueling and mechanical maintenance. That leads to a question of how drones work and what is a drone made of?
WHAT IS A DRONE MADE OF AND HOW DRONES WORK?
After answering ” what is a drone? “, One should know how drones do these tasks. First of all, drones’ material is special for their purposes; the composite materials generally are light to support their speed and manoeuvrability and reduce the weight of a vehicle. However, drones for military applications can be the opposite of publically available drones in the manner of material as well. The carbon giber composites are common in military drones in contrast to human-crewed aircraft. Still, today, most of the drones materials are also aluminium and titanium and carbon fibre composites.
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have different technologies contributing to a drone’s special aspect. The technologies are infrared cameras for visualization of the environment, GPS for navigation and laser for pointing and sensing. These technologies have nearly used all drones for commercial, consumer and military purposes.
However, the drone’s most important part is remote ground control systems (GSC), namely the ground cockpit emphasizing two main part as drone and the drone’s control system. The controller has an expert for the drone’s piloting to control drones flight from take-off to landing. The controllers establish a link with a drone to navigate through all; this linkage is possible via the drone’s nose, the main part of all navigational systems and sensors. Rest is other technological parts of the drones for their particular usage.